Initially, I was just going to calculate the correlation coefficient manually in R without using the functions, but then I decided that if I was going to do it manually then I may as well do it by hand.  I ended up making a mistake with spacing by not thinking about how many digits would be made out of squaring an already triple digit number.


From there, inputting the x and y values into R and executing the cor.tests() were very simple and straightforward.  I feel like I’ve gotten to the point with R where I don’t feel like I’m completely lost all the time.